In this study we established a new technique using a miniaturized axial flow pump in sheep with chronically ischemic myocardium.
METHODS: Sheep (n = 15) underwent intracoronary sphere injection to create chronic ischemic heart
failure. Reduced EF was assessed using transesophageal echocardiography. All animals Geneticin Microbiology inhibitor underwent implantation of a new miniaturized axial flow pump via an extraperitoneal, subcostal surgical approach.
RESULTS: Our technique allows easy exposure of the diaphragmatic surface of the heart and. the descending aorta. Ten animals (range 65 to 78 kg) underwent off-pump implantation 30 (range 25 to 33) days after intracoronary sphere injection. All animals had significantly reduced EF (25 +/- 4.8%) and were receiving high doses of inotropic Blebbistatin agents to maintain cardiac function. Nine animals survived the surgical procedure. The average 12-hour blood loss was 435 ml. Cardiac index
improved significantly in all animals. The procedure time was not extended by any adverse events (60 to 145 minutes).
CONCLUSIONS: The extraperitoneal, subcostal surgical approach is less invasive than a median sternotomy and allows centrifugal or axial to be implanted quickly and without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Avoiding CPB and an extensive mediastinal dissection can help to decrease significantly the number of complications in patients with end-stage organ failure. J Heart Lung Transplant 2011;30:834-7 (C) 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. All rights reserved.”
“Raman and emission properties of a nonpolar a-plane InGaN/GaN blue-green light emitting diode (LED) on an r-sapphire substrate are investigated and compared with a conventional c-plane blue-green LED. The output power of the a-plane LED was 1.4 mW at 20 mA. The c-plane LED has higher EQE, but it reaches the maximum at a lower forward current and the droop is faster than the a-plane counterpart.
As the reverse bias increased, GS-1101 purchase a blueshift in the PL spectra was not observed in the a-plane structure, which is indicative of an absence of quantum confined Stark effects. However, a strong blueshift in the electroluminescence spectra was still present, which means the In localization effects are relevant in nonpolar InGaN/GaN quantum wells. In the Raman spectra, a strong anisotropy of E-2(high) phonon modes was observed. By comparing the frequency of the E-2(high) modes, we demonstrate that the residual compressive strain in an a-plane LED is significantly smaller than in the polar counterpart. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3549160]“
“The processes of setting population reference intakes in the European Union and elsewhere have highlighted the paucity of data for informing the assessments and the need to take the opportunity to establish transparent, physiologically based approaches to setting reference values for safe and adequate intakes, including considerations of excess exposures.