N-isopropylacrylamide, 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate or 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid can be obtained over a wide range of degrees of polymerization up to 10,000 with low polydispersity AZD1480 (typically (M) over bar (w)/(M) over bar (n) < 1 2) to near quantitative conversions Well-defined block copolymers between
these monomers, based on several asymmetric macro-RAM agents, can be obtained, suggesting that the RAFT agents are stable throughout the polymerization process so that complex and well-defined architectures can be obtained. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.”
“As a model for photodynamic therapy, photosensitization with dodecyloxo-(methoxo)tetraphenylporphyrinatoantimony bromide was investigated in a phospholipid liposome (LP) constructed with 1,2-diparmitoyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphocholine. The adsorption isotherms of the sensitizer into the LP showed Langmuir-type adsorption with binding constants in the order of 10(6) M-1. The sensitizer was bound to the LP by hydrophobic interactions with the dodecyloxo ligand and the core of the LP membrane. The photosensitized oxygenation reaction
of 9,10-dimethylanthracene GF120918 chemical structure (DMA) with the sensitizer in the LP occurred efficiently at 0.73 of the limiting quantum yield. Fluorescence quenching and kinetic analysis suggested that the reaction proceeded through photoinduced electron transfer from DMA to the excited singlet state of the sensitizer. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Graphene oxide was prepared from graphite using Hummer’s method. Pt nanoparticles with 1.8 rim in average size are successfully obtained via in-situ Pt nanoparticles deposition onto graphene oxide (GO) using a microwave method, finally resulting in Pt-graphene
(Pt-G). Water uptake of GO is increased with GO content in a Nafion/GO composite membrane due to the hydrophilic GO while that of Nafion/Pt-G composite membrane is much lower than that of Nafion/GO composite membrane. The MEAs fabricated with the Nafion/GO composite membrane show significant enhancement in cell performance: that is, 0.802 A, 1.27 A, 0.827 A at 0.6 V under 100% relative humidify (RH) for 0.5 wt%, 3.0 wt% and 4.5 wt% of GO content in the composite membrane, respectively, GSK1838705A chemical structure compared to 0.435 A for casting Nafion membrane. The Nafion/PL-G composite membrane, however, does not show sufficient enhancement under various RHs It is attributed to poor water retention ability of hydrophobic graphene and electron loss due to the formation of electrical network by too much Pt within the membrane. Constant open circuit voltage (OCV) down to low RH indicates that GO and graphene could be prospective as filler in low humidifying polymer electrolyte fuel cell. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.