Methods The setting was a culturally diverse tri-county (Palm Bea

Methods The setting was a culturally diverse tri-county (Palm Beach, Broward and Miami Dade counties) area of South Florida. The research design was cross-sectional and descriptive; data were gathered from respondents using a facilitator-administered survey instrument. Key findings The overall reliability of the survey was 0.669 using Cronbach’s α. When EID and PUM survey statements were analysed alone, internal consistency was 0.692 and

0.545 respectively. The association between scores and select demographic variables were analysed and no correlation was found. The previously validated scale (UK) was not reliable in the complex cultural population of Florida. Conclusions Instruments demonstrating reliability in one country are not immediately replicable in other countries, even if the same language is spoken. Caution needs to be taken when interpreting the findings this website from studies using instruments designed in cultural contexts dissimilar from those in which the have been developed originally. “
“The aim of this review was to establish type(s) and possible cause(s) of medicine-related problems (MRPs) experienced by ethnic minorities in the UK and to identify recommendations to support these patients in the

effective use of medicines. A systematic search of studies related to problems with medicine use experienced by ethnic minorities in the UK was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstract and Scopus from 1990 to 2011. A hand search for relevant citations and key journals was also performed. Fifteen studies were found. The MRPs identified across studies included lack of information, problems with not taking medicines as advised, concern of dependency or side effects, lack of regular monitoring and review, risk of adverse drug reactions, adverse events and problems in accessing healthcare services. Many problems are common

in other groups, however, studies examining possible explanatory factors discussed how the cultural and religious Cell press beliefs, previous experiences, different expectations, language and communication barriers, lack of knowledge of the healthcare services and underestimating patients’ desire for information may contribute to the problems. Some of the recommendations were made based on the problems that were found, but these have not been evaluated. Little evidence is known of what influences MRPs among ethnic minorities, despite the increased diversification of populations in countries throughout the world. To support their entire populations in the use of medicines, we have to ensure that we understand their different perspectives and needs regarding the effective use of medicines.

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